The world we live in is now facing challenging times mostly because of the extreme poverty phenomenon, as there are billions of people who continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of integrity. This global challenge is also caused by gender inequality, unemployment, in
particular among young people, global health threats, natural disasters, terrorism, humanitarian crises, and also climate change. That is the very reason why a plan for sustainable development has been envisaged at global level in order to address all these major concerns of our modern society.
Thus, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, based on key objectives such as human rights, gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls, is focused on three basic dimensions: the economic, social and environmental. In doing so, 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their 169 related targets have been carefully prepared in order to address areas of global critical importance: People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace, Partnership. These pillars are of crucial importance for the implementation of the SDGs, which are the result of more than 2-year public consultation and engagement with civil society and other stakeholders all over the world.
Here is an overview of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals:
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms worldwide
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all stages
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable us of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
The implementation of all these goals will be achieved at 3 levels: global, regional and national. In the section below we will focus on the latter, namely the national implementation of the sustainable development goals and targets.
First of all, we should emphasize the essential role of national parliaments in ensuring the implementation of such goals at national level, as well as that of the democratic governance as an enabler for development in all societies.
What parliaments should actually do is to transpose into their work the SDGs. This is why, in November 2015, at the Chamber of Deputies level, a Subcommittee for Sustainable Development was set up, within the Foreign Policy Committee. This newly established institution has had so far a number of consultations with the relevant government institutions, representatives of the civil society and academic environment, in order to address sustainable
For an effective implementation of SDGs at national level, in Romania the following actions have been recommended:
• Across party lines, building political will to support the SDGs by a dialogue with stakeholders and creation of a national coordination mechanism for SDGs.
• Increasing public awareness and support for such goals among key stakeholders.
• Revising the legislation for harmonization with SDGs
• Preparing a new and revised national sustainable development strategy, having an inclusive and gender equality dimension.
• Budget allocations for the sustainable development strategy by new approaches to fiscal and tax policies and incentives for sustainable production and consumption.
• Holding Government to account for the implementation of the national sustainable development strategy.
• Monitoring progress on SDGs, with focus on the impact of public policies on the lives of citizens.
• Reaching out to young populations by including in the curricula and education the sustainable development topic.
• Increasing awareness of public on SDGs-related
• Promoting regional and international inter-parliamentary cooperation on the SDGs by exchanges of experience and best practices in order to facilitate technology transfers, capacity building etc.
Therefore, in order to have a smooth and effective implementation of the sustainable development goals at national level, a mechanism should be in place to track, monitor and evaluate the progress at every stage of this complex process.
In conclusion, the biggest challenge will be to have these objectives integrated in coherent strategies and policies, adapted in order to address the social, economic and environmental needs of the Romanian society, a process requiring the involvement and cooperation of both decision-makers and citizens.
ION PÂRGARU, Ph.D Valahia University Târgoviște
ALEXANDRU DRĂGAN, Ph.Student Within Valahia University Târgoviște